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Biaxin (Clarithromycin)

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Biaxin is a medication of macrolide antibiotics group. Biaxin fights bacteria in the body. Biaxin is also used together with other medicines to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori.

Other names for this medication:

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Cipro, Zitromax, Erythromycin, Azithromycin, Roxithromycin, Erythrocin, Zmax, Zithromax, Ery-Tab, Dificid, Erythrocin Stearate Filmtab, Eryc, EryPed, Erythrocin Lactobionate, Ilosone, PCE Dispertab


Also known as:  Clarithromycin.


Biaxin is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections affecting the skin and respiratory system. Biaxin is also used together with other medicines to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori.

Biaxin fights bacteria in the body.

Biaxin is also known as Clarithromycin, Maclar, Klaricid, Klacid, Clarimac, Claribid.


Biaxin is available in tablets.

Take Biaxin orally.

Take Biaxin with full glass of water.

Take Biaxin with or without food.

Do not crush, chew, or break the Biaxin tablet. Swallow the pill whole.

Shake the Biaxin oral suspension well before measuring a dose. Measure the Biaxin oral suspension with a marked measuring spoon or medicine cup.

Take Biaxin for for 7 to 14 days.

The dosage and the kind of medication depend on the disease and its prescribed treatment.

Do not stop taking Biaxin suddenly.


If you overdose Biaxin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Biaxin overdosage: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort.


Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Protect from light. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Biaxin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Biaxin if you are allergic to its components or to clarithromycin or to similar medicines such as azithromycin (Zithromax), dirithromycin (Dynabac), erythromycin (E.E.S., E-Mycin, Ery-Tab, Erythrocin), troleandomycin (Tao).

Do not take Biaxin if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Do not take Biaxin if you take astemizole (Hismanal), cisapride (Propulsid), ergot medicine such as ergotamine (Ergomar, Ergostat, Cafergot, Ercaf, Wigraine), or dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45, Migranal Nasal Spray), pimozide (Orap), terfenadine (Seldane).

Do not take Biaxin if you have liver disease, kidney disease, myasthenia gravis, porphyria; personal or family history of "Long QT syndrome".

Try to be careful with Biaxin usage in case you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Avoid consuming alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Biaxin taking suddenly.

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The DPO-PCR is an interesting tool to detect H. pylori on gastric biopsies and to study its susceptibility to clarithromycin in laboratories that cannot perform real-time PCR assays.

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There is a pool of streptococci carrying genes associated with macrolide resistance in the normal respiratory flora of generally healthy adults. Differences between the patients treated with clarithromycin and those treated with azithromycin were difficult to assess because of the large number of patients in each group with macrolide-resistant streptococci before treatment. Although there were some differences these were not statistically significant.

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Mycobacterium abscessus and Mycobacterium massiliense lung infections have different clarithromycin susceptibilities, making proper identification important; however, standard multi-gene sequencing in clinical laboratories is laborious and time consuming. We developed a pyrosequencing-based method for rapid identification of strains belonging to the M. abscessus group by targeting erm(41). We examined 55 isolates from new pulmonary M. abscessus infections and identified 28 M. abscessus, 25 M. massiliense, and 2 Mycobacterium bolletii isolates. Multi-gene sequencing of 16S rRNA, hsp65, rpoB, and the 16S-23S ITS region was concordant with the results of erm(41) pyrosequencing; thus, the M. abscessus group can be identified by single-nucleotide polymorphisms in erm(41). The method also enables rapid identification of polymorphic, inducible clarithromycin-resistant sequevars (T28 or C28). Pyrosequencing of erm(41) is a rapid, reliable, high-throughput alternative method for identifying and characterizing M. abscessus species. Further testing of a diverse collection of isolates is necessary to demonstrate the discriminatory power of erm(41) sequencing to differentiating species with this highly divergent group.

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Clarithromycin increased the mean C(max) of ketamine by 3.6-fold (p<0.001) and the mean AUC(0-infinity) of ketamine by 2.6-fold (p=0.001). The relative amount of the CYP3A dependent metabolite norketamine was decreased by 54% by clarithromycin (p=0.004). Self-rated drug effect of S-ketamine was enhanced by clarithromycin (p<0.05) but other behavioral effects or cold pain scores were not affected.

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The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of H. pylori seropositivity in patients with psoriasis, to evaluate the relationship between PASI (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) scores and H. pylori infection, and to assess the impact of H. pylori infection on the response to treatment. A total of 300 patients with psoriasis and 150 non-psoriatic healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Patient PASI scores were recorded and H. pylori stool antigen tests performed in both patients and controls. Fifty patients with H. pylori infections were randomly assigned to one of two groups, one of which received acitretin with H. pylori treatment and the other acitretin alone. Statistical analyses were performed using chi-square and logistic regression tests. PASI scores were significantly higher in patients with H. pylori infections. Treatment aimed at eradicating H. pylori infection enhanced the effectiveness of acitretin therapy and shortened response times. Our results suggest that H. pylori infection plays a role in the severity of psoriasis, and that eradicating such infections enhances the effectiveness of psoriasis treatment.

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A multi-center surveillance study was conducted in Thailand during 1999-2000 to determine antimicrobial susceptibilities among the respiratory pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 206), Haemophilus influenzae (n = 305), and Moraxella catarrhalis (n = 39). Of the S. pneumoniae isolates collected, 33.5% were penicillin-susceptible, 27.2% intermediate and 39.3% resistant. Expectedly, resistance rates to beta-lactams were higher among penicillin-resistant (ceftriaxone, 14.8%; amoxicillin-clavulanate, 42.0%; cefuroxime, 100%) than penicillin-susceptible (ceftriaxone, 0%; amoxicillin-clavulanate, 0%; cefuroxime, 0%) isolates. Likewise, azithromycin and clarithromycin resistances were 4.3% and 5.8% among penicillin-susceptible isolates, and 77.8% and 95.1% among penicillin-resistant isolates. All S. pneumoniae remained susceptible to vancomycin and 99.5% were susceptible to levofloxacin. Multidrug resistance (resistance to >3 antimicrobial classes) was present in 25.2% of pneumococcal isolates (n = 52), with resistance to azithromycin, penicillin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole the most common phenotype (40/52 isolates; 77.0%). Among the isolates of H. influenzae, the prevalence of beta-lactamase production was 45.2%. All isolates of H. influenzae were susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanate, azithromycin, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime and levofloxacin while 49.5% were resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. All 39 isolates of M. catarrhalis produced beta-lactamase. Azithromycin (MIC90, < or = 0.03 microg/ml) and levofloxacin (MIC90, 0.03 microg/ml) were the most active agents tested against M. catarrhalis. The results of this study may serve as a baseline for future studies to monitor antimicrobial susceptibilities among respiratory pathogens in Thailand.

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A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 160 patients comparing nizatidine 150 mg with 300 mg b.d. (standard vs. double dose), in combination with clarithromycin (500 mg) and amoxycillin (1000 mg) b.d. for 14 days, in Australia and Taiwan. Compliance was based on a clinical assessment and pill count. H. pylori status was determined by histology (antrum and corpus) and CLO-test.

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The spectre of an influenza pandemic is being widely mooted. Most of the strategies explored to date for controlling or treating the condition have centred on controlling the spread of the infection, the use of vaccines or anti-viral agents. There has been relatively little discussion about treating the lung and systemic inflammatory reactions that occur during influenza infection. In this review a range of therapeutic agents are proposed to treat the inflammatory reactions, principally in the lung as well as the systemic cytokine-mediated immuno-inflammatory reactions that may be a major cause of the morbidity and mortality associated with influenza infections. Among these are pentoxifylline, the statins, the macrolide antibiotics (e.g. azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin), resveratrol (a component of wine and fruits with inhibitory effects on influenza virus replication) and nutraceuticals (including those that contain flavonoids, the marine oils eicosapentanoic and docosanoic acids or the green-lipped mussel extract, Liprinol which may by virtue of the inhibitory effects on the production or actions of pro-inflammatory cytokines, be useful for their anti-inflammatory actions. The efficacy, mode of actions and side effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are considered. There are a number of issues relating to their use in treating the inflammatory reactions in the respiratory tract. Among these are the development of gastro-intestinal ulcers and bleeding and hepato-renal reactions in patients that may because of severe systemic inflammation be prone to the development of these adverse reactions. There are also theoretical issues concerning the impact of COX-1 mediating reduction in prostaglandin and increased cytokine production that might have some negative consequences for respiratory inflammation.In conclusion, further consideration should be given to exploring the actions of these anti-inflammatory agents to control the respiratory inflammatory in influenza infections which can have serious consequences for the outcome of the infection.

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The objective of this study is to examine the effectiveness of oral antibiotics in the prevention of infection development in traumatic wounds.

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Our new PCR-based assay for 23S rRNA mutations of H. pylori is a useful method for detecting clarithromycin-resistant strains of H. pylori easily.

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Macrolides, such as clarithromycin and azithromycin, possess antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, and potential antiviral properties. They represent a potential therapeutic option for asthma, a chronic inflammatory disorder characterised by airway hyper-responsiveness that leads to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing. Results from clinical trials, however, have been contentious. The findings could be confounded by many factors, including the heterogeneity of asthma, treatment duration, dose, and differing outcome measures. Recent evidence suggests improved effectiveness of macrolides in patients with sub-optimally controlled severe neutrophilic asthma and in asthma exacerbations. We examine the evidence from clinical trials and discuss macrolide properties and their relevance to the pathophysiology of asthma. At present, the use of macrolides in chronic asthma or acute exacerbations is not justified. Further work, including proteomic, genomic, and microbiome studies, will advance our knowledge of asthma phenotypes, and help to identify a macrolide-responsive subgroup. Future clinical trials should target this subgroup and place emphasis on clinically relevant outcomes such as asthma exacerbations.

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In 1982-1984 we conducted a six-month clinical trial in 50 previously untreated lepromatous leprosy patients randomly assigned to directly observed monotherapy with one of two thioamides, ethionamide or prothionamide, each given six times a week at doses of either 250 mg or 500 mg. The findings of this study have only recently been analyzed, and the potential for the use of these thioamides in leprosy patients placed in perspective. However, because of the small number of patients included in this study, the results must be interpreted with some caution. Clinical improvement was noted in 74% of the patients treated with ethionamide and in 83% of those treated with prothionamide. Therapy was well tolerated and drug-related hepatotoxicity did not require discontinuation of therapy. The 500-mg dose of both ethionamide and prothionamide resulted in loss in Mycobacterium leprae viability more rapidly than did the 250-mg dose, and prothionamide at both dose levels was superior to the equivalent dose of ethionamide. Overall killing of M. leprae in this study was found to be similar to that obtained previously with dapsone and clofazimine, but less than was obtained with rifampin, minocycline, clarithromycin, pefloxacin, and ofloxacin.

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This study aims to evaluate Helicobacter pylori with clarithromycin resistant genotypes in Manisa region, Turkey. Two hundred patients, who received diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection histopathologically, were included. The sex, age and endoscopy indications of the patients were recorded. Polymerase chain reaction method was applied to determine the clarithromycin resistance rate and resistance genotypes at the histologic sections prepared from gastric biopsies that had been embedded in paraffin after fixation by formalin. Helicobacter pylori resistance to clarithromycin was found in 19/200 (9.5%) patients. 10/19 (52.6%) of these clarithromycin-resistant patients had A2143G mutation and 9/19 (47.4%) had A2142G mutation. A2142C mutation on 23S rRNA gene was not detected for any of the patients. Clarithromycin can be used as a first step treatment in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori for the children in our region; if the treatment fails for some patients, clarithromycin resistance, especially A2143G and A2142G mutations should be considered.

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The in vitro activity of Bay 12-8039, a new oral 8-methoxyquinolone, was compared to the activities of 11 other oral antimicrobial agents (ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, sparfloxacin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, amoxicillin clavulanate, penicillin, cefuroxime, cefpodoxime, and doxycycline) against 250 aerobic and 140 anaerobic bacteria recently isolated from animal and human bite wound infections. Bay 12-8039 was active against all aerobic isolates, both gram-positive and gram-negative isolates, at < or = 1.0 microg/ml (MICs at which 90% of isolates are inhibited [MIC90s < or = 0.25 microg/ml) and was active against most anaerobes at < or = 0.5 microg/ml; the exceptions were Fusobacterium nucleatum and other Fusobacterium species (MIC90s, > or = 4.0 microg/ml) and one strain of Prevotella loeschii (MICs, 2.0 microg/ml). In comparison, the other quinolones tested had similar in vitro activities against the aerobic strains but were less active against the anaerobes, including peptostreptococci, Porphyromonas species, and Prevotella species. The fusobacteria were relatively resistant to all the antimicrobial agents tested except penicillin G (one penicillinase-producing strain of F. nucleatum was found) and amoxicillin clavulanate.

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The in vitro kinetic constants of CYP3A inactivation (K (I) and k (inact)) were estimated by varying the time of pre-incubation and the concentration of troleandomycin, erythromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin or azithromycin. CYP3A activity was determined from the measurement of testosterone 6beta-hydroxylation with human liver microsomes (HLM) and recombinant CYP3A4 as the enzyme sources. The mechanism-based pharmacokinetic model was fitted with inactivation data to predict the increase in oral area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) for midazolam.

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Rabeprazole- and omeprazole-based triple therapy regimens are therapeutically equivalent in the eradication of H. pylori and well tolerated. The statistical interaction observed between the proton pump inhibitor and supplementary antibiotic may be due to chance.

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Thirty-three percent of the cultures were contaminated with other bacteria. Seven children had at least one sputum culture positive for one mycobacterium. Five children had only one positive AFB culture. Their clinical status and lung function remained stable during follow-up. Two teenagers with severe lung disease had several positive AFB smears and cultures for Mycobacterium chelonae and Mycobacterium abscessus. The isolation of M. chelonae and M. abscessus was associated with a clinical and functional decline. Clarithromycin treatment resulted in temporary improvement with the disappearance of the mycobacteria after 6 months of treatment. This prospective study shows an incidence of 2.3% for positive cultures. The prevalence was 6.6% for mycobacterial colonization but only 1.9% for mycobacterial lung disease in our pediatric population.

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Respiratory pathogens are becoming increasingly resistant to antimicrobials. A new group of drugs, called respiratory quinolones have been synthesized to overcome this problem.

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Chlamydia (C.) trachomatis is the most common bacterial cause of sexually transmitted disease in the world. A well documented feature of chlamydial infection is its high rate of recurrence among sexually active populations. However, it is difficult to distinguish whether the high rate of recurrent disease is due to reinfection or to persistent infection with the same organism. Of particular concern in this era of increasing antibiotic resistance is whether persistent infection is the consequence of increasing resistance to standard antimicrobial therapy. Azithromycin and doxycycline are considered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as first line drugs for the treatment of chlamydial infections; erythromycin, ofloxacin and levofloxacin are recommended as alternative-regimen. Although C. trachomatis has been historically sensitive to these antibiotics, in vitro resistance is being increasingly reported. However, although in vitro antimicrobial resistance has been described, the clinical significance of these findings is unknown. C. pneumoniae is associated with community-acquired pneumonias, acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, otitis media, sinusitis and reactive airway disease. Persistent nasopharyngeal infection with C. pneumoniae has been documented in adults following acute respiratory infection. Chronic infection with C. pneumoniae has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, although this is still very controversial. Azithromycin, clarithromycin and quinolones are frequently used for the treatment of C. pneumoniae respiratory infections. Microbiologic failure has been described in C. pneumoniae infections, even after prolonged courses of azithromycin, erythromycin and doxycycline.

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Erythromycin, which was introduced over 50 years ago, was the first macrolide to be used clinically. "New" macrolides, for the treatment of patients with various infectious diseases, were not clinically introduced until 40 years later. The pharmacokinetic and adverse events profile of erythromycin initially limited its use to an alternative agent for patients with allergy to beta-lactam agents. However, the emergence of atypical and/or new pathogens and the ongoing escalation of acquired antimicrobial resistance has impacted on the empirical and organism directed therapy of infectious diseases. Azithromycin and clarithromycin were developed by enhancing the basic macrolide structure. Some of the basic features associated with these new agents include a pharmacokinetic profiles that allow once or twice daily dosing with a much lower incidence of side effects and a substantially broader spectrum of activity which includes some Gram-negative bacilli, atypical pathogens and new, unconventional or uncommon pathogens. Clinical trial data has supported the use of "new" macrolides in a wide range of clinical indications, however, some specific indications are currently restricted to treatment with either azithromycin or clarithromycin. Macrolide resistance is a class effect and depending on the mechanism will confer either low or high level resistance. While resistance is problematic, it does not always result in clinical failure. The macrolides are a valuable class of antimicrobial agent and play an important role in the management of infectious diseases.

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biaxin 500 dosage 2017-01-01

In June 1993, the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) made recommendations for treatment of disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV). It was suggested that every treatment regimen include either azithromycin or clarithromycin plus one or more of the following drugs: ethambutol, clofazimine, rifabutin, rifampin, ciprofloxacin, or amikacin. This study compares the effect of multiple drug therapy regimens on the survival of patients of the HIV outpatient department of the buy biaxin Medical Center of New Orleans, Louisiana. A retrospective chart review of 122 confirmed cases of MAC was conducted. Three treatment groups were considered: no/monotreatment (n = 40), multitreatment without clarithromycin (n = 32), and multitreatment with clarithromycin (n = 50). Azithromycin, amikacin, and rifabutin were not used in this clinic during the study period. Both multitreatment without clarithromycin (p < 0.03) and multitreatment with clarithromycin (p < 0.005) were significantly protective for survival after adjusting for CD4 cell count at time of diagnosis, nonadherence to treatment, number of concomitant opportunistic infections at diagnosis, and weight loss > 10%. Neither of the groups that received multidrug therapy were significantly less likely to have MAC-related symptoms than the no/mono group at 3 and 6 months postdiagnosis. These findings support the USPHS recommendation for multiple drug treatment either with or without clarithromycin. Prospective controlled clinical trials will clarify the optimal regimen for disseminated MAC disease.

biaxin and alcohol 2017-01-19

To determine the effectiveness of amoxicillin, azithromycin, cefprozil and clarithromycin in buy biaxin the treatment of acute otitis media (AOM) in children.

biaxin 100 mg 2015-03-07

The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of erythromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, and co-trimoxazole were tested by the reference agar dilution method on Bordet-Gengou agar with buy biaxin 15 % defibrinated sheep blood.

biaxin dose adults 2017-06-16

The sensitivity buy biaxin , specificity, and test accuracy were 69, 100 and 93.9% for the detection of H. pylori infection and 83.3, 100 and 95.6%, for detection of clarithromycin resistance.

biaxin xl dosage 2017-07-09

Consecutive patients with moderate to severe (Likert 2 or 3) non-ulcer dyspepsia with HP were recruited prospectively. Gastric biopsies were taken, DNA extracted and buy biaxin polymerase chain reaction performed to determine the cagA and cagE status and vacA alleles. Eradication therapy was offered until HP was eradicated successfully. The HP status was checked 1 month after eradication therapy using the [(13)C]-urea breath test. All patients were assessed by one interviewer using Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), a four-point Likert scale, and SF-36 for quality of life over 12 months. Treatment success was defined as minimal or no symptoms (Likert 1 or 0). The cagA, cagE and vacA status was blinded to the investigators until completion of the study.

biaxin 500mg tablets 2015-12-01

Omeprazole-bismuth subsalicylate-metron- idazole-tetracycline was superior to omeprazole-clarithromycin-amoxicillin, but both therapies yielded unsatisfactory results. The high rate of post- buy biaxin therapeutic dual resistance has a negative impact on omepraz- ole-clarithromycin-amoxicillin, and probably also on omeprazole-bismuth subsalicylate-metronidazole-tetracycline, and limits the choice for second-line treatment.

biaxin 1000 mg 2017-03-04

H. pylori were isolated from gastric mucosal biopsy specimens obtained from 113 Koreans, who did not have any eradication history. The susceptibilities of buy biaxin the H. pylori isolates to amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, tetracycline, levofloxacin, and moxifloxacin were examined according to the agar dilution method by 1 technician.

generic biaxin antibiotic 2016-03-01

A 70-year-old patient developed Mycobacterium chelonae infection at a donor vein graft site following cardiac bypass surgery. The infection presented as fibrinous, necrotic ulcerations in the scar area. Mycobacterium chelonae and buy biaxin mycobacterium fortuitum are atypical mycobacteria and have been described previously causing infections after injections or surgical procedures. Infection of donor vein graft site is a rare complication after cardiac surgery. As mycobacterium chelonae cannot be cultivated on normal culture media, delayed wound healing might be disinterpretated as a primary wound healing disorder. Treatment of atypical myobacteriosis includes antibiotics, local heat therapy and surgical excision. Clarithromycin is the antibiotic of choice. We obtained complete healing after two months of Clarithromycin treatment, combined with heat therapy.

biaxin dosage 2016-12-04

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus in quick-frozen dumplings and to characterize these strains. A total of 120 dumpling samples, including lamb (n = 13), vegetarian (n = 14), seafood (n = 12), and pork (n = 81) stuffing, were collected in Shaanxi province in China and screened for S. aureus. All S. aureus isolates were characterized by antimicrobial susceptibility testing, and detection of genes encoding staphylococcal enterotoxins, exfoliative toxins A and B (eta and etb), toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (tsst-1), and resistance to methicillin-oxacillin (mecA). In all, 60.0% of all samples were positive for S. aureus, and 117 S. aureus isolates, including seven mecA-positive strains, were recovered from these positive samples. In addition, all mecA-positive S. aureus isolates were recovered from products of animal origin. In these S. aureus isolates, resistance was observed most frequently to ampicillin (92.3%) and penicillin (86.3%), followed by clarithromycin, erythromycin, midecamycin, tetracycline, and kanahemycin (from 53.8 to 28.2%). All isolates were sensitive to cefoperazone, minocycline, vancomycin, and ofloxacin. The predominant toxin gene was sec (38.5%), followed by seg (19. buy biaxin 7%), sej (16.2%), see (12.8%), sea (11.1%), and seb (10.3%), whereas eta, etb, and tsst-1 genes were not detected. These findings indicate that S. aureus was present commonly in quick-frozen dumplings, accompanied by multiple antimicrobial resistance and toxin genes. Our findings highlight the urgency for stricter hygiene strategies in food production and the prudent use of antibiotics in the breeding industry.

biaxin medication interactions 2017-04-30

A total of 155 H. pylori strains were isolated from tissue samples of the buy biaxin 260 patients (positive rate, 59.6%). The drug-resistance rate of H. pylori isolated to metronidazole, clarithromycin, amoxicillin, levofloxacin, and furazolidone was 94.2%(146/155), 21.3%(33/155), 2.6%(4/155), 5.8% (9/155), and 1.9%(3/155), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in positive culture rate and drug-resistance rate between different sex, age, and disease category(all P>0.05).

biaxin drug interactions 2017-11-19

Clinical case buy biaxin description, blood tests, routine histology and tissue cultures.

biaxin missed dose 2016-02-25

The currently recommended regimen in Japan is a proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapy with two of the antibiotics between clarithromycin, amoxicillin and metronidazole. However, recent years have witnessed a decrease in the rate of eradication due to antimicrobial resistance. Resistance mechanisms of H. pylori are explained by the occurrence of mutations in genomic genes, which may correspond to the 23S rRNA gene in clarithromycin, the pbp1A in amoxicillin, and the rdxA in metronidazole, gyrA in levofloxacin. The resistance of H. pylori strains to clarithromycin is currently estimated at about 30% in Japan, while the resistant rates to metoronidazole and amoxicillin are buy biaxin quite low. The resistant rates of each antibiotics may increase in future, so we need to observe those changes.

biaxin dosage instructions 2015-09-22

H. pylori eradication buy biaxin significantly inhibited ulcer recurrence in Japanese peptic ulcer patients. Histopathological findings were also improved with regard to inflammation and activity (neutrophils) in patients in whom H. pylori eradication was successful.

biaxin xl filmtab 2015-11-20

Vonoprazan is a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB) recently approved for Zetia Drug Classification Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy in Japan.

biaxin xl tablets 2016-02-15

A study was performed to elucidate the action of long-term macrolide therapy in chronic sinusitis. Clarithromycin (CAM) was administered orally once daily for 14 days. On the last 3 days, an endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was instilled intranasally. The extent of DNA synthesis acceleration was studied in both controls and pretreated animals by counting the number of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled cells in the nasal transitional epithelium. Six hours after the final intranasal instillation of LPS, the number of BrdU-positive cells was significantly higher than control. Pretreatment with Mobic Inflammatory Medicine CAM for 2 weeks significantly inhibited this increase. Because similar results were obtained in neutrophil-depleted rats, LPS apparently promotes proliferation of the nasal epithelium in the absence of neutrophils: CAM-suppressed epithelial proliferation independently of the neutrophil count. Our results suggest that CAM inhibits LPS-induced increased rates of DNA synthesis by directly affecting the nasal epithelium. The mechanism by which macrolide therapy alleviates the signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis might therefore involve suppression of inflammatory processes in the nasal and paranasal sinus epithelium.

biaxin dosage pediatric 2017-10-19

Half-dose regimens may be equally effective but associated with diminished adverse Medication Zocor events (AE) than standard-dose regimens.

biaxin generic 2015-10-07

The eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori by standard therapy is decreasing due to antibiotic resistance, mainly to clarithromycin. Our aim was to provide a new molecular test to guide the treatment of new and relapsed cases. We first studied 126 H. pylori strains for phenotypic (MIC) and genotypic resistance to clarithromycin (rrl mutation) and levofloxacin (gyrA mutation) and then developed a DNA strip genotyping test on the basis of the correlation results and literature data. Clinical strains (n = 92) and gastric biopsy specimens containing H. pylori (n = 105) were tested blindly with the new molecular test GenoType HelicoDR. The presence of mutations or the absence of hybridization with wild-type sequences was predictive, in rrl for clarithromycin resistance in 91 cases (mostly the A2147G mutation) and in gyrA for levofloxacin resistance in 58 cases (mutations at codon 87 or 91). Genotyping revealed a mix of genotypes in 33% of the cases, reflecting a coinfection or selection for resistant mutants. The sensitivity and specificity of detecting resistance were 94% and 99% for clarithromycin and 87% and 98.5% for levofloxacin, respectively. The concordance scores were 0.96 for clarithromycin and 0.94 for levofloxacin. With global resistance rates of 46% for clarithromycin and 25% for levofloxacin, which were observed for consecutive positive biopsy specimens from 2007 and 2008, the positive and negative predictive values for detecting resistance were 99% and 94% for clarithromycin and 96% and 96 Naprosyn 750 Dosage % for fluoroquinolone. GenoType HelicoDR is efficient at detecting mutations predictive of antibiotic resistance in H. pylori when applied to strains or directly to gastric biopsy specimens.

biaxin dosage forms 2016-04-03

This pooled analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of cefditoren pivoxil (CDN) in patients with lower respiratory tract Zofran Yellow Pill infections (CAP or AECB). A particular focus was the per-pathogen bacteriologic response rate among the most common causative pathogens, S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and M catarrbalis.

biaxin oral suspension 2017-06-30

M. fortuitum ATCC 6841T DNA libraries were screened for plasmids that complemented the macrolide-susceptible Coumadin Dosage Chart phenotype of Mycobacterium smegmatis variant ermKO4 [erm(38)-negative]. Macrolide-resistant M. smegmatis transformants were selected on agar containing 128 mg/L erythromycin.

biaxin 25 mg 2016-06-15

Noguchi, Fujiki, Iwao, Miura & Itai [Acta Cryst. (2012), Atarax Y Alcohol E68, o667-o668] recently reported the crystal structure of clarithromycin monohydrate from synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data. Voids in the crystal structure suggested the possible presence of two more water molecules. After successful location of the two additional water molecules, the Rietveld refinement still showed minor problems. These were resolved by noticing that one of the chiral centres in the molecule had been inverted. The corrected crystal structure of clarithromycin trihydrate, refined against the original data, is now reported. Dispersion-corrected density functional theory calculations were used to check the final crystal structure and to position the H atoms.

generic biaxin xl 2015-09-10

A systematic search was performed in multiple databases and in the abstracts submitted to the Digestive Diseases Reglan Overdose Week, the European Helicobacter Study Group congress and the United European Gastroenterology Week. Randomized trials comparing a standard dose of a PPI with high-dose PPI both twice a day in triple therapy combining a PPI plus clarithromycin and either amoxicillin or metronidazole were selected. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for all comparisons were calculated using Review Manager.

biaxin cost 2015-01-05

Mycobacterium genavense is a recently described agent which can induce disseminated infections in patients with AIDS. Up to now, no standard approach to treatment has been defined and patients have been treated empirically with antibiotics used for treating infections caused by other nontuberculous mycobacteria. In this study, we compared the effectiveness of ciprofloxacin, amikacin, ethambutol, clarithromycin and rifabutin in the treatment of an animal model of M. genavense infection in C57BL/6 mice. Antimycobacterial treatment was started 4 weeks after an intravenous bacterial challenge and was continued for 30 days. Treated and control mice were killed at days 15 and 30 of treatment and the number of viable bacteria in their spleens was counted. Treatment with clarithromycin (50 mg/kg/day sc) and rifabutin (20 mg/kg/day po) was found to decrease the bacterial counts in the spleens significantly as early as 15 days after the onset of treatment (P < 0.01). The effect of treatment was more pronounced after 30 days of treatment (P < 0.001). Amikacin (25 mg/kg/day sc) and ethambutol (50 mg/kg/ Cymbalta Effective Dose day sc) were found to decrease significantly the cfu in the spleens only after 30 days of treatment (P < 0.01). Ciprofloxacin (25 mg/kg/day sc) was ineffective in the experimental conditions used here.

biaxin overdose 2016-01-31

Double combinations of the antibiotics with the IVIG were assessed by checkerboard assay, where the interaction was evaluated with respect to the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antibiotics. The results of the Coumadin 2 Mg checkerboard assay were verified in vitro using time-kill assay and in vivo using an invasive sepsis murine model.

biaxin dosing 2016-04-04

At least three reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the quality of each Zovirax Topical Cost trial.

biaxin pill images 2017-04-12

OBJECTIVE: The long-term administration of erythromycin (EM), clarithromycin (CAM) or azithromycin (AZM) has generally resulted in a favorable outcome for patients with diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) infected with mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa. To elucidate the mechanism involved, the influence of macrolides on mucoid alginate production by P. aeruginosa was investigated in vitro. METHODS: The macrolides used in this study were EM with a 14-membered ring, AZM with a 15-membered ring, midecamycin (MDM) with a 16-membered ring, and CP-4305, which has had mycarose removed from MDM, The effects of macrolides on mucoid P. aeruginosa were investigated by quantitative assay of alginate production and inhibition of guanosine diphospho-D-mannose dehydrogenase activity. RESULTS: After incubation with EM, AZM and CP-4305, the structural material of P. aeruginosa biofilm was distorted, and the enzymatic activity of GDP-D-mannose dehydrogenase, the most important enzyme in mucoid alginate biosynthesis, was inhibited. However, these effects were not observed with the 16-membered macrolide MDM. CONCLUSIONS: The basic mechanism of clinical efficacy seen characteristically in 14- or 15-membered macrolides for patients with airway biofilm disease depends on the ability of such macrolides to inhibit alginate production by P. aeruginosa. Furthermore, this suggests that the inhibitory effect observed with 14-, 15- and 16-membered macrolides may depend on the sugar chain connected with the macrolide ring.