indocin suppository dosage
The therapeutic effect of TFK is similar to that of indomethacin plus allopurinol but with less adverse reaction, it is an effective and safe remedy for treatment of acute gouty arthritis, and worthy for further studying and developing.
indocin 50 mg
Five population based healthcare databases from four European countries (the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, and the United Kingdom).
dosage of indocin
Although due to variability in studies (inclusion criteria, outcome variables and interventions) and the evidence is not of highest quality, we still believe that NSAIDs are an effective treatment for renal colic when compared to placebo or antispasmodics. The addition of antispasmodics to NSAIDS does not result in better pain control. Data on other types of non-opioid, non-NSAID medication was scarce.Major adverse effects are not reported in the literature for the use of NSAIDs for treatment of renal colic.
indocin oral suspension
At least two reviewers worked independently at each step of the review, then compared results and resolved differences. Methodological quality of eligible studies was assessed according to blinding of randomization, of intervention and of outcome assessment, and completeness of followup. Weighted treatment effects, calculated using Revman 4.1, included typical relative risk (RR), typical risk difference (RD), number needed to treat (NNT) or harm (NNH), and weighted mean difference (WMD), all with 95% confidence intervals (CI). A fixed effect model was used for meta-analyses. Heterogeneity tests were performed to assess the appropriateness of pooling the data.
indocin sr alcohol
To compare the efficacy and safety of prophylactic modalities for heterotopic ossification prevention after elbow and acetabular surgeries.
indocin user reviews
The aim of this study was to evaluate if the combination of micronized purified flavonoid fraction with short-term routine antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy was better at reducing the intensity of postoperative symptoms and wound bleeding after a Milligan-Morgan's open hemorrhoidectomy than antibiotic and anti-inflammatory treatment alone.
indocin sr medication
(+/-)-(E)-4-Ethyl-2-[(E)-hydroxyimino]-5-nitro-3-hexenamide] (NOR-3), a nitric-oxide (NO) donor, is known to increase HCO(3)(-) secretion in rat stomachs, intracellularly mediated by cGMP; yet, there is no information about the phosphodiesterase (PDE) isozyme involved in this process. We examined the effects of various isozyme-selective PDE inhibitors on the secretion of HCO(3)(-) in the mouse stomach in vitro and the type(s) of PDE isozymes involved in the response to NO. The gastric mucosa of DDY mice was stripped of the muscle layer and mounted on an Ussing chamber. HCO(3)(-) secretion was measured at pH 7.0 using a pH-stat method and by adding 2 mM HCl. NOR-3, 8-bromoguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cGMP), and various PDE inhibitors were added to the serosal side. Vinpocetine (PDE1 inhibitor) or zaprinast (PDE5 inhibitor) was also added serosally 30 min before NOR-3 or 8-Br-cGMP. Both NOR-3 and 8-Br-cGMP stimulated HCO(3)(-) secretion in a dose-dependent manner, and the response to NOR-3 was significantly inhibited by methylene blue. Likewise, the secretion induced by NOR-3 or 8-Br-cGMP was significantly attenuated by 6-((2S,3S)-3-(4-chloro-2-methylphenylsulfonylaminomethyl)-bicyclo(2.2.2)octan-2-yl)-5Z-hexenoic acid (ONO-8711), the PGE receptor (EP)1 antagonist, as well as indomethacin and potentiated by both vinpocetine and zaprinast at doses that had no effect by themselves on the basal secretion, whereas other subtype-selective PDE inhibitors had no effect. NOR-3 increased the mucosal PGE(2) content in a methylene blue-inhibitable manner. These results suggest that NO stimulates gastric HCO(3)(-) secretion mediated intracellularly by cGMP and modified by both PDE1 and PDE5, and this response is finally mediated by endogenous PGE(2) via the activation of EP1 receptors.
indocin drug class
Left ventricle MDA in I/R group was higher compared to sham group; however, it did not show significant change with zileuton. Although tissue injury in I/R group was less severe in all treatment groups, it was not statistically significant. NF-κB H-score and apoptotic index, which were higher in I/R group compared to sham I/R, were decreased with application of zileuton (H-score: p<0.01; apoptotic index: p<0.001). Zileuton had no significant effect on increased serum TNF-α levels in I/R group.
indocin gout medication
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) induce gastric ulcers due to inhibition of prostaglandin production. Prostaglandins have an influence on physiological gastrointestinal motility, but the relationships between NSAID-induced gastric ulcer, gastrointestinal motility and motilin are unknown. Fifteen dogs were allocated randomly to three groups in which either gelatin, meloxicam or indomethacin was administered. Fecal occult blood and gastrointestinal motility were monitored continuously for 6 days. In addition, analyses of the plasma motilin concentration, gastrointestinal endoscopy and gastric emptying, and detection of motilin cells were performed. Gastrointestinal motility was disturbed in the indomethacin group, presenting as disappearance of interdigestive migrating contractions (IMCs) 3 days before gastric ulcers were detected. Delayed gastric emptying and hypermotilinemia were observed significantly more often in the indomethacin group compared with the other groups. Motilin cell-crypt/villi ratio in the indomethacin group significantly decreased in the duodenum and jejunum, compared with the other groups. No significant changes in any tests were observed in the meloxicam group, when compared with the gelatin group. These findings suggest that the disturbance of IMCs caused by hypermotilinemia, with changes in motilin cell distribution, and delayed gastric emptying induced by indomethacin may contribute to the development of gastric ulcers.
indocin and alcohol
The ability of Bothrops moojeni venom (BmV) to induce oedema in mice, the involvement of principal inflammatory mediators and mast cells (MCs) were investigated. The intraplantar injection of BmV (0.3-6 microg/paw) caused a dose- and time-dependent oedema with a peak between 30 and 60 min after venom injection (0.3-1 microg/paw), disappearing within 24h. Either MCs granule inhibition or depletion by cromoglycate or C48/80, respectively, markedly reduced BmV-induced oedema. MCs depletion by imatinib also reduced oedema. Intraperitoneal BmV injection (2.5-10 microg/site) induced MCs degranulation and release of PGD(2). Treatment with promethazine, cimetidine or thioperamide, histamine H1, H2 and H3/H4 receptor antagonists, respectively, markedly reduced the initial phase of oedema. Combined treatment with these antagonists further reduced, but not abrogated oedema. Indomethacin or eterocoxib (cyclooxygenase inhibitors) reduced oedema until 180 min, whereas zileuton (lipoxygenase inhibitor) affected this event until 60 min. Dexamethazone caused a long lasting reduction of oedema. However, L-NAME and aminoguanidine (NO synthase inhibitors) significantly increased BmV-induced oedema. In conclusion, BmV induces oedema, mediated by MCs degranulation, histamine by H1, H2, H3/H4 receptors, prostaglandins and leukotrienes, and down-regulated by NO. Partial neutralization of oedema was observed even when polyspecific bothropic antivenom was injected immediately after venom.
indocin tablets dosage
The results show that the aqueous stem and feaf extract of Asystasia gangetica possesses analgesic and antiinflammatory activities.
indocin 25mg suspension
28 patients (82%) developed no HO; 6 developed Brooker Class I; and none developed Class II-IV HO. The ICRP method suggests a risk of fatal cancer in the range of 1 in 1000 to 1 in 10,000; the Trott and Kemprad method suggests 1 in 3000. For younger patients, this may rise to 1 in 2000; and for elderly patients, it may fall to 1 in 6000. The risk of death from gastric bleeding or perforation from indometacin is 1 in 180 to 1 in 900 in older patients. Without prophylaxis risk of death from reoperation to remove HO is 1 in 4000 to 1 in 30,000.
indocin er dosage
Statins have been proposed as a novel treatment of respiratory diseases. To determine the beneficial effects of statins on the airway hyperresponsiveness, a characteristic feature of allergic bronchial asthma, the effect of systemic treatment with lovastatin on antigen-induced bronchial smooth muscle hyperresponsiveness was investigated in mice. Male BALB/c mice were sensitized and repeatedly challenged with ovalbumin antigen. Animals were also treated with lovastatin (4 mg/kg/day, i.p.) once a day prior to and during the antigen inhalation period. The bronchial smooth muscle responsiveness to acetylcholine, but not to high K(+)-depolarization, was markedly and significantly augmented in the repeatedly antigen challenged mice. The bronchial smooth muscle hyperresponsiveness to acetylcholine induced by antigen exposure was significantly attenuated by the systemic treatment with lovastatin. Thus, lovastatin might have therapeutic potential to ameliorate airway hyperresponsiveness in allergic bronchial asthma.
No study has compared pain control results between patient-controlled subacromial infusion and intravenous injection after arthroscopic shoulder surgery.
indocin 20 mg
Sixteen studies were included: 2 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and 14 uncontrolled studies. Quality of selected studies is poor. A meta-analysis of RCTs does not demonstrate any difference in the risk of ductal closure (Mantel-Haenszel model, RR 1.07, 95% CI 0.87 to 1.33 and RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.92 to 1.16, after 3 and 6 days of treatment, respectively). Proportion meta-analysis of uncontrolled studies demonstrates a pooled ductal closure rate of 49% (95% CI 29% to 69%) and 76% (95% CI 61% to 88%) after 3 and 6 days of treatment with paracetamol, respectively. Safety profiles of paracetamol and ibuprofen are similar.
After four weeks, acetylcholine-induced relaxations were blunted in renal arteries of 1K and 5/6Nx mice; indomethacin, a non-selective COX inhibitor, improved the response in 5/6Nx, but not in 1K renal arteries. In 5/6Nx renal arteries, but not in 1K preparations, the protein presence of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was decreased, while that of COX-2 and its products [prostacyclin and thromboxane A2] were increased. The renal resistive index was lower in 5/6Nx mice, suggesting a lower resistance in the renal microvasculature. In the renal cortex of 5/6Nx mice, eNOS protein presence was increased; while the presence of COX-2 was not detectable. The prostaglandin E2 level was lower in the 5/6Nx cortex than in the other two groups.
To compare the pre-emptive analgesic effectiveness of 15 mg of meloxicam and 50 mg of tramadol after mandibular third molar surgery.
indocin name brand
Recent studies have indicated that antithrombin (AT) possesses both anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic properties.
indocin medication dosage
In a rat model of experimental periodontitis it was investigated whether the presence of the inflammatory disease induced changes in carbachol-induced fluid secretion in parotid glands, by monitoring potassium release. The potency of carbachol, to induce K⁺ release, was higher in parotid glands from rats with experimental periodontitis. The antagonist with higher affinity for M₃ muscarinic acetyl-choline receptor subtype, 4-DAMP (selectivity: M₁=M₃), was more potent in inhibiting K⁺ release in periodontitis rats while the antagonist with a muscarinic M₁-receptor-selective profile (selectivity: M₁>M₃), pirenzepine, was more potent in control rats. Competition binding assays showed that both, M₁ and M₃ muscarinic acetyl-choline receptor subtypes are expressed in membranes of parotid glands. The K(i) of 4-DAMP was decreased in parotid glands from rats with experimental periodontitis while the Ki of pirenzepine was increased. The effect of periodontitis was reverted by the inhibition of the cyclooxygenase activity through indomethacin treatment (100 mg/k ip, 4 days). It was concluded that periodontitis could induce changes in muscarinic acetyl-choline receptor subtypes expression with a preferential increase of M₃ subtype, resulting in increased K⁺ released in response to carbachol and in a greater potency of 4-DAMP. These findings agree with the fact that a decrease of fluid secretion is not a condition of patients with periodontal disease.
indocin 150 mg
Systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SoJIA), sometimes called Still's disease, is a systemic inflammatory disease classified within the spectrum of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). It is an orphan disease with often a chronic course and a major impact on the affected children and their families. This disorder is unique in terms of clinical manifestations, prognosis and response to conventional immunosuppressants. The objectives of this review are to describe SoJIA and emphasise the recent advances in the pathogenesis and treatment, which have transformed the care and the prognosis of this potentially life-threatening paediatric condition.
Male Wistar rats received a normal sodium (0.3% NaCl), high sodium (2.0% NaCl) or low sodium (0.05% NaCl) diet for 10 days. Vascular responses were assessed ex vivo in thoracic aortic rings in the presence of the nitric oxide (NO) inhibitor N-monomethyl-l-arginine (l-NMMA) to avoid aspecific vasodilator effects of Ang-(1-7).
Despite promising in vitro studies, this study does not suggest there will be any clinical therapeutic value associated the use of aspirin or indomethacin for the prevention of the spread of tumor following the spillage of cells into the peritoneal cavity at laparoscopic surgery.
Our data show that NSAIDs induce a dose-dependent growth retardation of cultured rat metatarsal bones. A detailed analysis revealed decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis of chondrocytes in the growth plate, indicating that COX-2 is responsible for PGE2 production in growth plate chondrocytes.
indocin buy online
These findings support the use of parecoxib 20 mg i.m. as an initial dosing option for postoperative pain management in countries in which it is approved.
A total of 165 subjects participated in the study. One hundred fourteen patients (69.1%) clinically reacted to the nasal ketorolac challenge. There was no statistical difference between nasal reactors and nonreactors regarding sex, baseline forced expiratory volume in 1 second, and use of systemic steroid before challenge. The mean percentage of decrease in PNIF was significantly higher in the reactor group (-0.30 ± 0.29 vs -0.07 ± 0.16, P < .001). A cutoff value of 25% decrease in PNIF had the maximum sensitivity and specificity (56.1% and 94.1%).
indocin medication generic
Using a rat model, we investigated the effects of circulating factors in pregnancy on cerebrovascular and systemic vascular function by comparing myogenic reactivity, tone, and endothelial vasodilator production of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and mesenteric artery (MA) of nonpregnant (NP) animals perfused with nonpregnant and pregnant human plasma. Arteries from late pregnant (LP) animals were then perfused similarly to evaluate a potential adaptive effect of pregnancy on vessel function. A 3-hour exposure to pregnant plasma caused increased myogenic reactivity and tone in vessels from NP animals and produced a decreased endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor response in NP PCAs, findings that were not seen with MAs. The increased reactivity and tone noted in NP vessels was abolished when pregnant plasma was perfused through LP arteries, suggesting these vessels adapt during pregnancy to the vasoconstricting influence of pregnant plasma.
Atypical features of hemicrania continua (HC), including both visual aura and side shifting, have been reported previously. However, auras and variable unilaterality have never been reported together in HC. We report two patients with side-shifting HC with aura. These patients' symptoms are unilateral headaches, visual aura, autonomic features, throbbing pain, nausea and photo/phonophobia. One could speculate that the unilaterality and/or the autonomic symptom modules are indomethacin responsive. The patients can also be classified as chronic migraine with aura, with autonomic symptoms, responsive to indomethacin. Neither migraine subtype nor side-shifting HC with aura is included in the current International Headache Society (IHS) classification, so these patients are not classifiable. Side-shifting HC with aura implies the need to revisit the traditional IHS categorization of headaches into unique diagnostic groups. The modular headache theory may be a tool for the understanding of these rare and complex cases.
Bougainvillea spectabilis (BS) (family Nyctaginaceae) is said to possess hypoglycemic and anti-inflammatory activities in experimental animals. We had set forward to examine the potential anti-inflammatory activities of BS in experimental models of inflammation.
indocin 50mg capsules
Melatonin may be effective in treating several primary headache disorders, particularly cluster headache and migraine. Future research should focus on elucidating the underlying mechanisms of benefit of melatonin in different headache disorders, as well as clarifying optimal dosing and formulation.
indocin brand name
DNPCs produced significant amounts of IL-5, IL-13, and RANTES in response to SEB. COX inhibitors significantly increased the production of these cytokines. The degree of local eosinophilia was significantly and positively correlated with the changes in IL-5 production induced by diclofenac treatment. PGE(2) significantly and dose-dependently inhibited SEB-induced IL-5, IL-13, and RANTES production by diclofenac-treated DNPCs. E-prostanoid (EP) 2 receptor-selective agonist strongly inhibited the production of all 3 cytokines. EP3 and EP4 receptor-selective agonists partially suppressed these responses, whereas EP1 receptor-selective agonist did not. Interestingly, all of the combined treatments with 2 of the 4 EP receptor-selective agonists significantly inhibited the SEB-induced responses by diclofenac-treated DNPCs.